Ethics Resources for Behavior Analysts


Mutual Commitment

BACB November 2018 Newsletter

The California Association for Behavior Analysis (May 2018) interpretation of this issue

Taxpayer Assistance Center Office Locator If an RBT has concerns regarding their classification as an independent contractor, they may wish to contact their local Taxpayer Assistance Center Office. Use your zip code to locate the closest Taxpayer Assistance Center.

Local Wage and Hour Division Office

If an RBT has concerns regarding their classification as an independent contractor, they may wish to contact their local Wage and Hour Division office. Find your local office, by state, using this link:

Understanding Employee vs. Contractor Designation

Information from the IRS regarding small business owners having a critical understanding between an employee and an independent contractor. For federal employment tax purposes, a business must examine the relationship between it and the worker.

Independent Contractor (Self-Employed) or Employee?

Information and resources from the IRS to assist individual and businesses in understanding the differences between Independent Contractors and Employees.

Small Business and Self-Employed Tax Center

“Resources for taxpayers who file Form 1040, Schedules C, E, F or Form 2106, as well as small businesses with assets under $10 million.”

Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP)

A voluntary program through the IRS providing an opportunity for employers to reclassify their workers as employees for employment tax purposes for future tax periods that may provide partial relief from federal employment taxes. To participate in this voluntary program, the taxpayer must meet certain eligibility requirements and apply to participate in the VCSP by filing Form 8952, Application for Voluntary Classification Settlement Program, and enter into a closing agreement with the IRS.

Form 8919, Uncollected Social Security and Medicare Tax on Wages

IRS provided form to assist individual in determining and reporting their share of the uncollected social security and Medicare taxes due on wages if the individual was, by definition, an employee but were improperly classified as an independent contractor by their employer.

Resources For CPT© Codes For Adaptive Behavior

The ABA Coding Coalition comprises representatives who participated on the work group that developed the application of the permanent CPT® codes for Adaptive Behavior (applied behavior analysis) services that went into effect January 1, 2019. One of their principal aims is to support implementation of the 2019 CPT® code set by ABA service providers and payers by developing and disseminating information and resources and educating providers and payers.  Those resources can be found at

Essential to every provider is the Supplemental Guidance Article: How to Work with the 2019 CPT® Codes which was written to assist providers, billers, and payers in using the codes. This article can be found here:

Practice-Related Ethics Publications Since 2000

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2022). Ethics for Behavior Analysts, 4th Edition. New York: Routledge, Inc.

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2021). The RBT® Ethics Code: Mastering the BACB Ethics Code for Registered Behavior Technicians New York: Routledge, Inc.

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2019). Analyzing Ethics Questions from Behavior Analysts: A Student Workbook. New York: Routledge, Inc.

BHCOE Compliance Concern Form

Broadhead, M. T., & Higbee, T. S. (2012). Teaching and maintaining ethical behavior in a professional organization. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 5(2),
82-88. doi:10.1007/BF03391827
Broadhead, M. T. (2015). Maintaining professional relationships in an interdisciplinary setting: Strategies for navigating nonbehavioral treatment recommendations for individuals with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 8, 70-78. doi: 10.1007/s40617-015-0042-7
Hastings, R., & Noone, S. (2005). Self-injurious behavior and functional analysis: Ethics and evidence. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 40, 335-342.
Hemingway, M. (2003). Do no harm—An ethical dilemma and one possible way out. The Behavior Analyst Today, 4(2), 151-153. doi: 10.1037/h0100115
Quigley, S. P., Blevins, P. R., Cox, D. J., Brodhead, M. T., & Kim, S. Y. (2017). An evaluation of explicit ethical statements in telehealth research with individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice. doi:10.1037/bar0000094
Pollard, J. S., Karimi, K. A., & Ficcaglia, M. B. (2017). Ethical considerations in the design and implementation of a telehealth service delivery model. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice, 17, 298-311. doi: 10.1037/bar0000053
Romani, P. W., & Schieltz, K. M. (2017). Ethical considerations when delivering behavior analytic services for problem behavior via telehealth. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice, 17, 312-324. doi:10.1037/bar000074
Schreck, K. A., & Miller, V. A. (2010). How to behave ethically in a world of fads. Behavioral Interventions, 25, 307-324. doi:10.1002/bin. 305
Sellers, T. P., Alai-Rosales, S., & MacDonald, R. P. F. (2016). Taking full responsibility: The ethics of supervision in behavior analytic practice. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 299–308. doi:10.1007/s40617-016-0144-x
Wiskirchen, R. R., Deochand, N., & Peterson, S. M. (2017). Functional analysis: A need for clinical decision support tools to weigh risks and benefits. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice, 17, 325-333. doi:10.1037/bar0000088

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